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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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Minerva Pediatrica 2014 February;66(1):89-93


language: English

Neuroimaging is useful for monitoring disease activity in linear scleroderma “en coup de sabre”

Chini L. 1, Orlacchio A. 2, Silenzi R. 1, Della Gatta F. 2, Iannini R. 1, Monteferrario E. 1, Spano S. 2, Guarino M. 3, Moschese V. 1, Simonetti G. 2

1 Pediatric Allergology and Immunology Department Tor Vergata Hospital Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy; 2 Radiology Department University Hospital of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 3 Rheumatology Department Tor Vergata Hospital, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy


Scleroderma is a group of rare chronic connective tissue disorders characterized by collagen accumulation that causes tissue hardening with consequent fibrosis. Skin involvement is mostly frequent, although several internal organs can be impaired (heart, lungs, liver, etc.). In childhood, juvenile localized scleroderma (JLS) is more frequently observed; in this subtype cutaneous lesions predominate frequently on the limbs but also on the face and scalp; in this case, it is referred to as scleroderma “en coup de sabre” (ECDS). Neurological abnormalities have been described in association with ECDS as an effect of progressive scalp and underlying tissues involvement. Up to now, no validated biomarkers exist to evaluate disease evolution and, in this way, frequently diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) involvement occurs when patients are already symptomatic. We describe the case of a 5-year old girl, with a diagnosis of ECDS characterized by the typical scalp lesion, with slight subsidence of the underlying diploe. In this case, radiological examination has been essential to evaluate the degree of progression of skin and soft tissues lesions and to clarify the right therapeutic approach. In selected JLS children, both MRI and CT with 3D reconstruction images provide a useful tool to monitor disease evolution and to address therapeutic choices.

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