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Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica 2017 March;68(1):42-50

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4911.16.03782-4

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Evaluation of the accuracy of a patient-specific instrumentation

Daniele MAZZA, Raffaele IORIO, Matteo GUZZINI, Andrea REDLER, Fabio CONTEDUCA, Andrea FERRETTI

Orthopedic Unit and “Kirk Kilgour” Sports Injury Centre, S. Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy


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Patient-specific instruments (PSI) has been introduced with the aim to reduce the overall costs of the implants, minimizing the size and number of instruments required, and also reducing surgery time. The aim of this study was to perform a review of the current literature, as well as to report about our personal experience, to assess reliability and accuracy of patient specific instrument system in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A literature review was conducted of PSI system reviewing articles related to coronal alignment, clinical knee and function scores, cost, patient satisfaction and complications. Studies have reported incidences of coronal alignment ≥3° from neutral in TKAs performed with patient-specific cutting guides ranging from 6% to 31%. PSI seem not to be able to result in the same degree of accuracy as for the CAS system, while comparing well with standard manual technique with respect to component positioning and overall lower axis, in particular in the sagittal plane. In cases in which custom-made cutting jigs were used, we recommend performing an accurate control of the alignment before and after any cuts and in any further step of the procedure, in order to avoid possible outliers.


KEY WORDS: Arthroplasty, replacement, knee - Implants - Surgical procedures, operative

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