Home > Journals > Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica > Past Issues > Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica 2010 August;61(4) > Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica 2010 August;61(4):305-18

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints
Permissions

 

  ARTHROPLASTY 

Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica 2010 August;61(4):305-18

Copyright © 2010 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Patellofemoral joint replacement

Van Jonbergen H. P. W., Van Lingen C. P.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Deventer Hospital, Deventer, The Netherlands


PDF


Isolated patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis is a degenerative disorder of the knee associated with pain, stiffness, and functional limitation. Non-operative treatment modalities, such as physical therapy, taping, or injection therapy, may result in short-term relief. Partial lateral facetectomy, distal realignment procedures, lateral retinacular release, and other joint-preserving surgical treatments may lead to insufficient, unpredictable, or only short-term improvement. Though total knee replacement with patellar resurfacing results in good predictable and durable results, it is probably too aggressive of a treatment for what is, in effect, a disease confined to one compartment. In patellofemoral arthroplasty, the femorotibial compartments, with cruciate ligaments and menisci, are spared, which may allow the preservation of the physiological biomechanics of the femorotibial joint. The reported clinical results are related to patient selection, prosthetic design properties, and surgical technique, and show good to excellent medium- and long-term results. This review considers the role of patellofemoral joint replacement and other treatment modalities in isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis.

top of page