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Review Article   

Minerva Obstetrics and Gynecology 2022 Aug 01

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-606X.22.05134-X

Copyright © 2022 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

A narrative review of salpingectomy, tubal ligation and hysteroscopic occlusion for sterilization

Greg J. MARCHAND 1 , Ahmed T. MASOUD 1 2, Alexa K. KING 1, Giovanna M. BRAZIL 1, Hollie M. ULIBARRI 1, Julia E. PARISE 1, Amanda L. ARROYO 1, Catherine L. CORIELL 1, Sydnee P. GOETZ 1, Carmen J. MOIR 1, Malini L. GOVINDAN 1

1 Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Marchand Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Mesa, AZ, USA; 2 Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt


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INTRODUCTION: Sterilization of females is considered one of the most prevalent contraceptive techniques among women in the United States. There are many surgical sterilization procedures including salpingectomy, tubal ligation, and hysteroscopic occlusion of the fallopian tubes. We provide an overview of these methods from the clinical data and latest studies available on this topic.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In order to review the latest literature on the topic, we searched electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane library for all eligible studies from May 1st 2018 until May 1st 2022 using the following strategy: ("fallopian tube removal" OR Salpingectomy OR "fallopian tube excision" OR "tubal sterilization") AND ("tubal ligation" OR "bipolar coagulation" OR "tubal clip" OR "tubal ring" OR fimbriectomy). We reviewed every study that met our criteria and subjectively considered their results and methodology into this narrative review.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: In addition to reviewing major guidelines in the United States, 19 recent studies met our eligibility criteria and were included in this review. We grouped the findings under the following headings: anatomical and physiological considerations, sterilization, salpingectomy, tubal ligation, and hysteroscopic tubal occlusion.
CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral salpingectomy and techniques of tubal ligation or occlusion continue to be effective procedures with good safety profiles. All techniques have similar surgical outcomes and long-term success rates. As salpingectomy has the advantage of reducing the risk of occurrence of ovarian cancer, this is preferential when feasible. Hysteroscopic occlusion techniques may be more minimally invasive but have the disadvantages of delayed efficacy, the need for a second invasive diagnostic procedure, and limited availability.


KEY WORDS: Salpingectomy; Ovarian cancer; Tubal occlusion

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