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Minerva Obstetrics and Gynecology 2022 Jul 04

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-606X.22.05106-5


language: English

Sequential combined approach in patients with mixed urinary incontinence: surgery followed by posterior tibial nerve stimulation

Valerio CARLETTI 1 , Veronica YACOUB 1, Debora GRILLI 1, 2, Claudia MORGANI 1, 2, Pier Luigi PALAZZETTI 2, Marzio A. ZULLO 3, Paolo LUFFARELLI 3, Herbert C. VALENSISE 1, 4, Francesco MANESCHI 5, Vincenzo SPINA 6, Michele C. SCHIAVI 2

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy; 2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sandro Pertini Hospital, Rome, Italy; 3 Department of Surgery-Week Surgery, Campus Biomedico University, Rome, Italy; 4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Casilino Hospital, Rome, Italy; 5 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, San Giovanni Addolorata Hospital, Rome, Italy; 6 Maternal and Child Department, San Camillo de Lellis Hospital, Rieti, Italy


AIM: The aim of the study is to demonstrate the efficacy of sequential combined treatment with Transobturator Tape (TOT) followed by Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) in patients with Mixed Urinary Incontinence (MUI); quality of life and patients’ satisfaction was also assessed.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis on women affected by MUI with prevalent Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) component. Women, divided in 2 groups, underwent different treatments, TOT vs TOT+PTNS. Population was assessed by medical history, previous pelvic surgery, clinical exam, urodynamic exams, pelvic ultrasound examination, and questionnaires (The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form, Overactive Bladder Questionnaire, Health Related Quality of Life) comparing them before and after 12 weeks after treatment.
RESULTS: 112 women were enrolled in the study. The mean age was 57.96±7.34 in the first group(N=60) and 58.29±6.14 in the second group(N=52). Peak flow (ml/s) statistically improved after treatment, 22.23±4.29 (TOT) vs 24.81±5.8 (TOT+PTNS). First voiding desire(ml) improved significantly between the two groups 108.72±19.24 vs 142.43±19.98. Maximum cystometric capacity (ml) in the TOT group at 12-weeks was 328.76±82.44 vs TOT+PTNS group of 396.26±91.21. Detrusor pressure at peak flow(cmH2O) showed a greater improvement in TOT+PTNS than TOT alone 14.45±6.10 vs 11.89±54.49. At 12-week, urinary diary and quality of life improved in terms of urgent urination events, mean number of voids, urge symptoms and nocturia events. The Patient Impression of Global Improvement (PGI-I) after 3 months was better in combined group.
CONCLUSIONS: Combined and sequential TOT+PTNS is more effective compared to TOT alone in MUI patients with prevalent SUI component.

KEY WORDS: Combined therapy; Mixed urinary incontinence; Quality of life; Transobturator tape; Urodynamic study

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