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Minerva Obstetrics and Gynecology 2022 Jul 04

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-606X.22.05102-8


language: English

Investigating the relationship between the cervical mucoprotein levels and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

Deniz KULAKSIZ 1 , Yesim BAYOGLU TEKIN 1, Orhan DEGER 2, Kubra BAKI ERIN 1

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Trabzon, Turkey; 2 Department of Medical Biochemistry, Karadeniz Technical University Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon, Turkey


BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer has been ranked as the fourth most common cancer in women. The role of HPV, the DNA virus identified in the 1980s, in almost all cervical cancers is undisputed. In patients scanned with smear and HPV, a cervical biopsy is performed accompanied by colposcopic examination, and the lesion is defined. The concentration of mucoproteins varies in the structure of the cervical mucus with neoplasms. The major aim of this study is to investigate the changes in the levels of cervical mucoprotein in patients at the early stages of cervical cancer and evaluate if these levels can be used in the early diagnosis of this cancer type.
METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective cohort study. Samples from cervical mucus were taken and stored before colposcopy examination of human papillomavirus (HPV) positive patients (n = 100). According to the pathology results, while 36 cases constituted the precancerous group, no suspicion of cancer was found in 64 cases. In order to ensure standardization, colposcopy was performed immediately after the menstrual cycle and at least 0.5 ml of the cervical mucus sample was taken from all individual patients used in this study. Cervical mucus samples of the patients were analyzed for mucoproteins MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC and MUC5B.
RESULTS: All mucoprotein levels were found to be higher in patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) than those of subjects with normal pathology for cervical neoplasia.
CONCLUSIONS: Significant relationship was obtained between cervical intraepithelial neoplasms and the levels of mucoproteins in cervical mucus. The results showed that diagnosis of neoplasia with HPV may be easily performed by utilizing any mucoprotein test.

KEY WORDS: Cervical cancer; Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia; Cervical mucus; Human papillomavirus; Mucoproteins

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