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Minerva Obstetrics and Gynecology 2022 April;74(2):137-45

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-606X.21.04741-2

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Quality of life and sexual function after abdominal versus laparoscopic hysterectomy: a prospective study

Büşra KÖRPE 1, Ayçağ YORGANCI 2 , Özlem EVLİYAOĞLU BOZKURT

1 Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women’s Health Education and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey; 2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ministry of Health Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey; 3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara Gülhane Education and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey



BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) and sexual function of women who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and total laparoscopic hysterectomy.
METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, a total of 121 patients who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy (N.=65) and total laparoscopic hysterectomy (N.=56) operations for benign indications were included. Sociodemographic features, obstetric histories, and clinical characteristics of the patients were noted. Quality of life assessment was conducted with the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF questionnaire, which has five domains: overall quality of life + health, physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. Sexual function was assessed by the Golombok-Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction Scale with subscales of infrequency, non-communication, avoidance, non-sensuality, dissatisfaction, vaginismus, and anorgasmia. The patients were asked to fill in both questionnaires before the operation and six months after the operation.
RESULTS: Of the 121 patients, 104 of them completed the postoperative surveys. In the total laparoscopic hysterectomy group, the individual improvements of the overall quality of life + health physical, and psychological health domains were statistically higher than the total abdominal hysterectomy group. In terms of sexual function, the total abdominal hysterectomy group had worse avoidance, non-sensuality, dissatisfaction, and vaginismus subscale scores and total score both in the preoperative and postoperative period compared to the total laparoscopic hysterectomy group. However, the individual differences and the number of patients exhibiting sexual dysfunction before and after surgery were not statistically significant in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic hysterectomy was superior to abdominal hysterectomy in improving the quality of life of the patients. Both abdominal and laparoscopic hysterectomies were not found to affect female sexuality.


KEY WORDS: Hysterectomy; Laparoscopy; Quality of life; Sexual health

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