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REVIEW  UPDATES IN GYNECOLOGICAL MINIMALLY INVASIVE APPROACH AND MEDICAL THERAPY 

Minerva Obstetrics and Gynecology 2021 April;73(2):185-92

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-606X.20.04729-2

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Hysteroscopic approach to uterine cervical canal stenosis

Brunella ZIZOLFI 1, Virginia FORESTE 1 , Antonella CAMMAROTA 1, Alfonso MANZI 1, Alessandra GALLO 2, Attilio DI SPIEZIO SARDO 2

1 Department of Neuroscience Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry School of Medicine, Federico II University, Naples, Italy; 2 Department of Public Health, Federico II University, Naples, Italy



Cervical stenosis is defined as an adhesion process of variable degree, producing narrowing, distortion, or complete obliteration of the cervix. Several techniques have been defined to access to the uterine cavity and nowadays hysteroscopy seems to be the best option. In this manuscript, we review all the hysteroscopic modalities to overcome a cervical stenosis and access to the uterine cavity.


KEY WORDS: Hysteroscopy; Neck; Review

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