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Minerva Ginecologica 2002 December;54(6):453-60

Copyright © 2002 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: Italian

Menorrhagia and inherited disorders of coagulation

Franchini M., Capra F., Lippi G., Aprili G., Gandini G.


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Menorrhagia, a common complaint among women, may be a manifestation of an underlying inherited disorder of coagulation. In this review, the most frequent hereditary bleeding disorders associated with menorrhagia are briefly analyzed. Particularly, the epidemiological, clinical and diagnostic characteristics of von Willebrand disease, factor VIII, factor IX and factor XI deficiencies are examined. The influence of external factors (age, phase of menstrual cycle and hormonal therapy) on coagulation factor levels is also analyzed. Finally, the main therapeutic options (such as hormonal therapy, tranexamic acid and desmopressin), for the treatment of menorrhagia in women with hereditary bleeding disorders are reviewed. Since inherited bleeding disorders are frequently associated with menorrhagia, the conclusion is drawn that an underlying congenital bleeding disorder should be ruled out in any woman with menorrhagia.

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