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A Journal on Internal Medicine

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Minerva Medica 2013 June;104(3):317-24


language: English

Association between fetal overgrowth and metabolic parameters in cord blood of newborns of women with GDM

Eslamian L. 1, Akbari S. 2, Marsoosi V. 1, Jamal A. 1

1 Perinatology Division, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2 Perinatology Division, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department University of Medical Sciences, Khoramabad, Iran


Aim: There is evidence that arthrosclerosis may originate at birth, so assessment of serum lipid levels in cord blood might be important. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between fetal overgrowth and metabolic parameters in cord blood of newborns of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to compare these parameters with those in newborns of non-diabetic.
Methods: The study group included 112 women (singleton pregnancy, and GDM diagnosed following WHO criteria), and as controlled subjects, 159 matched healthy pregnant women and their newborn babies were selected. A sample of cord blood was obtained at delivery. The cord blood’s insulin, glucose, and lipids (total cholesterol, high-density cholesterol, low- density cholesterol, and triglyceride) were determined. The relationships between these metabolic parameters and large for gestational age (LGA) were also assessed.
Results: There were no significant differences between total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDL –C), triglyceride (TG) and glucose levels between two groups but the LDL-C level, LDL/HDL ratio and insulin level were significantly higher in newborns of mother with GDM. LGA newborns of diabetic mothers, show the HDL-C level were significantly lower and LDL-C level were significantly higher than AGA (Appropriate for Gestational Age).
Conclusion: These results show that GDM altered neonatal plasma lipids metabolism and so newborns of diabetic mothers may be predisposed early in life to LDL hypercholesterolemia and thus may be at a greater risk of developing coronary heart disease later in life.

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