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Minerva Ginecologica 2020 June;72(3):123-31

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4784.20.04555-4

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Genitopelvic pain: retrospective evaluation of a multimodal treatment efficacy

Anna GHIZZANI 1, Stefano LUISI 1 , Alessandra CARTOCCI 2, Gabriele CEVENINI 2

1 Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, Obstetrics and Ginecology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy; 2 Department of Medical Biotechnologies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy



BACKGROUND: Genitopelvic and sexual pain penetration disorder (GPPD) recognizes a multifaceted etiology. As with syndromes of chronic pain, it responds poorly to medications and its management is difficult. Clinicians consequently favor a multimodal comprehensive approach to tackle the different aspects of the disorder. To treat GPPD women, we chose a multimodal regimen including topical and systemic medications associated with physical interventions and behavioral couple therapy. Our aim was to evaluate the regimen efficacy and the influence that demographic, clinical, and pain characteristics may have on the outcome.
METHODS: Sixty self -referred women requesting medical care for GPPD, who were free of debilitating illness, in stable heterosexual relationships and with healthy and sexually functional partners, were treated according with the multimodal regimen we tailored on the specific needs of these women. As said, it associated topical and systemic medications combined with physical exercises used in behavioral sex therapy, and behavioral couple therapy. Past sexual history, characteristics of pain, vestibular hyperreactivity, pelvic floor hypertonicity, general health, and couple harmony were evaluated and statistically analyzed to determine which characteristics were associated with therapy outcome.
RESULTS: The statistical analysis of an association between demographic, reproductive, pain and medical conditions on one hand and therapy outcome on the other did not find any significance.
CONCLUSIONS: The lack of association between the investigated characteristics and treatment outcome is disappointing; on the other hand, the statistically significant impact of couple harmony (evaluated as partner presence and participation) on the treatment results may be the answer to our search for factors predicting outcome.


KEY WORDS: Pelvic pain; Combined modality therapy; Treatment outcome

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