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Minerva Ginecologica 2020 April;72(2):106-18

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4784.20.04544-X

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Clinical management of endometriosis

Miguel A. LUNA RUSSO 1 , Julia N. CHALIF 2, Tommaso FALCONE 3

1 Section of Benign Gynecology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women’s Health Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA; 2 Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women’s Health Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA; 3 Cleveland Clinic, London, UK



Endometriosis is a disease of reproductive age women that is commonly characterized by symptoms that often negatively impact quality of life. The clinical management of endometriosis remains highly variable and mostly influenced by geographic location, practice patterns, and breadth of clinician experience. This variability in treatment has inspired a trend towards multidisciplinary and specialized care of patients suffering from this disease. Surgical sampling, followed by histologic confirmation of endometrial-like tissue, remains the standard for the definitive diagnosis of endometriosis. However, the high sensitivity and specificity of MRI and ultrasound has shed light on the path towards non-surgical diagnosis of deep infiltrating endometriosis. Molecular variability and intricacy of this disease has limited the development of biologic markers to target for non-invasive diagnosis and pharmacologic therapies. Surgical management of advanced-stage endometriosis can be difficult, mostly secondary to the invasive nature of the disease, and anatomical distortion requiring advanced surgical skills to manage. The high prevalence of chronic pelvic pain and other complex pain syndromes in patients with endometriosis also requires knowledge in the management of these types of issues in order to provide comprehensive care. Menopausal endometriosis, extrapelvic presentation, and potential malignant transformation of lesions are infrequent, requiring a high index of suspicion for timely diagnosis and treatment.


KEY WORDS: Endometriosis; Infertility; Menopause

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