Home > Journals > Minerva Ginecologica > Past Issues > Minerva Ginecologica 2018 February;70(1) > Minerva Ginecologica 2018 February;70(1):35-43



To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian


Publication history
Cite this article as



Minerva Ginecologica 2018 February;70(1):35-43

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4784.17.04091-6


language: English

Time remaining in labor and probability of vaginal delivery as a function of the angle of progression in a low risk population with a normal first stage of labor. In-house observational study and comparison with the data in the literature

Bianca MASTURZO 1, Annalisa PIAZZESE 1, Sara PARACCHINI 1, Maria S. QUEZADA 2, Tullia TODROS 1, Antonio FARINA 3

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy; 2 Unit of Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Universitario “12 de Octubre”, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; 3 Division of Prenatal Medicine, Department of Medicine and Surgery (DIMEC), University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy


BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate whether the angle of progression (AoP), as measured by transperineal ultrasound, was predictive of both the time remaining in labor and vaginal delivery.
METHODS: This was a prospective observational cohort study involving 270 low-risk women with singleton pregnancies at term. The AoP, measured at the end of the first stage of labor, was used as a predictive variable of time remaining in labor and mode of delivery. The Kaplan Meier and Cox algorithms were used to evaluate the time elapsed between AoP measurement and delivery as a function of AoP. Instead, logistic regression was used to calculate the adjusted probability of vaginal delivery as a function of AoP.
RESULTS: Of the 270 women enrolled, 15 (5.6%) delivered by cesarean section and 33 (12.1%) by vacuum or forceps. The AoP, stratified by quartiles, was a significant predictor of the time remaining in labor, even after adjustment for possible confounders (Body Mass Index [BMI], oxytocin administration and parity). The mean±SD second stage of labor length for each AoP quartile was 134±25, 126±18, 96±33 and 58±23 minutes (P value<0.001, ANOVA). The mean±SD probability of a vaginal delivery expressed as a function of the AoP quartile (adjusted for BMI) was 51.5±0.16%, 81.5±0.10%, 97.0±0.16% and 99.3±0.004% at the AoP of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th quartiles, respectively, (P value<0.001 ANOVA).
CONCLUSIONS: The AoP was directly associated with the time remaining in labor and was predictive of a successful vaginal delivery; however, the impact on clinical practice seems low.

KEY WORDS: Labor obstetric - Kaplan-Meier estimate - Delivery, obstetric

top of page