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A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Minerva Ginecologica 2012 April;64(2):109-15


language: English

Neonatal outcomes of late preterm deliveries with pre-eclampsia

Masoura S., Kalogiannidis I., Margioula-Siarkou C., Diamanti E., Papouli M., Drossou-Agakidou V., Prapas N., Agorastos T.

Fourth Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece


AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the impact of pre-eclampsia on neonatal outcomes of late preterm deliveries.
METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, enrolling pregnancies delivered between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation during the period 2004-2007 in a large tertiary center. Pregnancies were divided in group 1, including those complicated with pre-eclampsia and group 2, including normotensive cases. Epidemiological characteristics, mode of delivery and complications contributing in late preterm delivery were initially studied. Neonatal morbidity parameters of our interest included mean Apgar score in the 1st and 5th minute, admission to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and need for emergency intubation. Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), low birth weight (LBW) and very LBW (VLBW), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), hypoglycemia, NICU infection, abnormal cerebral ultrasonographic findings and duration of NICU residence were also compared between the two groups.
RESULTS: Out of 363 late preterm pregnancies, 29 (8%) were delivered because of pre-eclampsia. Mean gestational week and birth weight were significantly lower in group 1. The rate of elective caesarean section was also significantly higher in this group. The same observation was made concerning rates of IUGR, LBW and VLBW neonates. Furthermore, incidence of NICU admission and hypoglycemia were significantly higher in the group of infants born by pre-eclamptic mothers. Incidence of RDS and cerebral echo pathology were also higher, but without significant difference when compared to group 2.
CONCLUSION: Neonatal adverse outcomes were increased in late preterm infants of pre-eclamptic women in comparison with those of normotensive women.

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