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Minerva Ginecologica 2006 October;58(5):429-40


language: Italian

First abdominal access in gynecological laparoscopy: wHich method to utilize?

Tinelli P. A. 1, Malvasi A. 2, Schneider A. J. 3, Keckstein J. 4, Hudelist G. 4, Barbic M. 5, Casciaro S. 6, Giorda G. 7, Tinelli R. 1, Perrone A. 1, Tinelli F. G. 1

1 Unità Operativa di Ginecologia ed Ostetricia Ospedale Vito Fazzi, Lecce, Italy 2 Dipartimento Materno-Infantile Ospedale Santa Maria, Bari, Italy 3 Obstetrics-Medical Education Erasmus MC Sophia Rotterdam, The Netherlands 4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Provincial Hospital of Villach, Villach, Austria 5 Department of Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine University of Lubjana, Lubjana, Slovenia 6 IFC-CNR, Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Lecce, Italy 7 Unità Operativa di Oncologia Chirurgico-Ginecologica Centro di Riferimento Oncologico (CRO) Aviano (PN), Italy


The choice of the technique to enter the peritoneal cavity, during a laparoscopy, depends on a lot of variables which hinder a standardized method and, actually, it appears impossible to show, with certainty, the best method to choose for the first abdominal access in gynecological laparoscopy. The preference for one or another technique depends on the operator experience, school and speciality of the surgeon, laparoscopical upgrading and the work environment; many surgical techniques are not yet used due the limits and fears of some surgeons to change the preference in first access approaching and for the lack of operating versatility by a method or another one. A review of the scientific literature, underlines that the major problems during the first laparoscopical abdominal access are two, vascular and intestinal and their percentage is variable. In this paper we describe the large range of methods for open and closed laparoscopy and for direct access, that permit to perform a first abdominal laparoscopical access, and their major possible problems.

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