Home > Journals > Minerva Endocrinology > Past Issues > Minerva Endocrinologica 2016 March;41(1) > Minerva Endocrinologica 2016 March;41(1):19-27



Publishing options
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian


Cite this article as



Minerva Endocrinologica 2016 March;41(1):19-27


language: English

The effect of chronic estrogen application on bile and gallstone composition in women with cholelithiasis

Dominik SIERON 1, Boguslaw CZERNY 2, 3, Karolina SIERON-STOLTNY 4, Monika KARASIEWICZ 5, Anna BOGACZ 5, 6, Agnieszka SEREMAK-MROZIKIEWICZ 5, 7, Daniel KOTRYCH 8, Dariusz BORON 9, Przemyslaw MROZIKIEWICZ 5, 6

1 Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology, Gliwice Branch, Gliwice, Poland; 2 Department of General Pharmacology and Pharmacoeconomics, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland; 3 Department of Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants, Poznan, Poland; 4 Department of Physiotherapy, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland; 5 Department of Pharmacology and Phytochemistry, Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants, Poznan, Poland; 6 Laboratory of Experimental Pharmacogenetics, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Biopharmacy, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland; 7 Division of Perinatology and Women’s Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland; 8 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland; 9 Department of Histology and Embriology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland


BACKGROUND: Chronic application of third generation progestagens as contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) could influence the serum lipid profile, and consequently the bile and gallstone composition. The aim of this study was to determine components of serum, bile and gallstones in women of reproductive age or postmenopausal women using hormonal third generation for at least two years.
METHODS: We enrolled 101 Caucasian women with cholelithiasis. The study included 45 women of reproductive age and 56 postmenopausal women who were divided into subgroups receiving or not exogenous female hormones. In patients we determined serum levels of 17β-estradiol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL cholesterol as well as composition of gallstones and bile.
RESULTS: The postmenopausal women showed a significant reduction in the concentration of bile acids in serum while the application of HRT caused an increase in their contents. Serum total and LDL cholesterol in postmenopausal women was higher than in women without hormonal contraception and postmenopausal patients with HRT. Moreover, women taking the exogenous hormones showed a reduced content of calcium ions in both serum, bile and gallstones.
CONCLUSIONS: Our observations confirm that the chronic use of oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy cause an increase in bile lithogenity.

top of page