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Minerva Endocrinologica 2020 June;45(2):79-88

DOI: 10.23736/S0391-1977.20.03101-6

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Plasma kisspeptin levels in boys with hypogonadotropic delayed puberty

Irina L. NIKITINA, Yulia N. YUKHLINA, Elena Y. VASILIEVA, Irena I. NAGORNAYA, Elena N. GRINEVA, Igor A. KELMANSON

The V.A. Almazov National Medical Research Center, St. Petersburg, Russia



BACKGROUND: In hypogonadotropic forms of delayed puberty (DP), hypophyseal follicle-stimulating (FSH) and luteinizing (LH) hormones, normally released with GnRH stimulation, are detected low. Since kisspeptin (KP) is a strong stimulant of GnRH neurons, it is considered to have a role in DP etiology. It may be hypothesized that abnormal plasma levels of KP are indicative of DP. The study aimed at evaluation and comparison of plasma KP levels in boys of pre-pubertal age, with normal puberty and diagnosed primary hypogonadotropic forms of DP.
METHODS: The study comprised 22 boys with verified hypogonadotropic DP (age 14-17 years), 25 boys with normal puberty (age 14-17 years), and 28 pre-pubertal boys (age 6-9 years). Triprorelin stimulation test was performed in DP patients. Plasma KP values were compared between three groups.
RESULTS: Statistically significant difference was found for the overall distribution of the plasma KP values across different groups (Kruskal-Wallis H=21.95, P<0.001). The highest values were found in the DP group (median: 45.0 pg/mL). Median values in the pre-pubertal boys and in the normal pubertal adolescents were equal to 13.8 pg/mL. No statistically significant difference was found for plasma KP levels in the DP boys who had either positive or negative response to Triptorelin stimulation test. Plasma KP level exceeding 16.9 pg/mL was a reliable predictor of hypoganadotropic DP (sensitivity 72.7%, specificity 92.0%).
CONCLUSIONS: Plasma KP levels are elevated in hypogonadotropic DP cases and may serve as a useful diagnostic tool in evaluating boys with DP.


KEY WORDS: Delayed puberty; Hypogonadism; Kisspeptins

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