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REVIEW  MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY FOR ABDOMINAL WALL DEFECTS 

Minerva Chirurgica 2020 October;75(5):305-12

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.20.08461-8

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Innovations in surgical treatment of rectus abdominis diastasis: a review of mini-invasive techniques

Diego CUCCURULLO, Ludovica GUERRIERO, Giada MAZZONI, Marialaura SANDOVAL, Ernesto TARTAGLIA



Abdominal rectus diastasis (RD) is characterized by thinning and widening of the linea alba, combined with laxity of the ventral abdominal musculature. This condition is associated with bulging of abdominal content, and it is mostly acquired during pregnancy or obesity. Symptoms include pain and discomfort in the abdomen, musculoskeletal and uro-gynecological problems in addition to negative body image and impaired quality of life. In this review we present current knowledge on the novel surgical mini-invasive techniques for treatment of RD. The aim of our study is to discuss the use of a standard classification to define pathological RD and possible indications for a minimally invasive repair, considering complications, patients’ satisfaction and recurrence rate. A PubMed search of the literature has been conducted in January 2020 including the most recent articles using the following criteria among the interventions for RD: mini-invasive surgery, laparoscopic, endoscopy and robotic procedures. Minimally invasive surgical treatment options for rectus diastasis are poorly investigated and indications for repair are still debated. Guidelines are mandatory to standardize surgical management of RD.


KEY WORDS: Diastasis recti and weakness of the linea alba; Fundoplication; Ventral hernia; Transnasal endoscopic surgery; Laparoscopy; Robotic surgical procedures

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