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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY FOR ABDOMINAL WALL DEFECTS 

Minerva Chirurgica 2020 October;75(5):298-304

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.20.08477-1

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Laparoscopic repair of giant Morgagni hernia by direct suturing with V-Loc

Monica ORTENZI 1 , Andrea BALLA 2, Alessandro M. PAGANINI 2, Giovanni BIONDINI 1, Giovanni LEZOCHE 1, Roberto GHISELLI 1, Mario GUERRIERI 1

1 Department of General and Emergency Surgery, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy; 2 Department of General Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Umberto I Polyclinic Hospital, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy



BACKGROUND: Morgagni hernias present technical challenges. The laparoscopic approach for repair was first described in 1992; however, as these hernias are uncommon in adult life, few data exist on the optimal method for surgical management. The purpose of this study was to analyze a method for laparoscopic repair of Morgagni giant hernias using laparoscopic primary closure with V lock (Medtronic, Covidien).
METHODS: This case series describes a method of laparoscopic Morgagni hernia repair using primary closure. In all patients, a laparoscopic transabdominal approach was used. The content of the hernia was reduced into the abdomen, and the diaphragmatic defect was closed with a running laparoscopic suture using a self-fixating suture. Clips were placed at the edges of the suture to secure the pledged sutures to both the anterior and posterior fascia. Demographic data such as BMI and operative and postoperative data were collected.
RESULTS: Retrospectively collected data for 9 patients were analyzed. There were 1 (11.1%) males and 8 (88.8%) females. The median BMI was 29.14±52 kg/m2. The median operative time was 80±25 minutes. There were no intraoperative complications or conversions to open surgery. Patients began a fluid diet on the first postoperative day and were discharged after a median hospital stay of 3±1.87 days. In a median follow-up of 36 months, we did not observe any recurrences.
CONCLUSIONS: Transabdominal laparoscopic approach with primary closure of the diaphragmatic defect is a viable approach for the repair of Morgagni hernia. In our experience, the use of laparoscopic transabdominal suture fixed to the fascia allowed the closure of the defect laparoscopically with minimal tension on the repairs.


KEY WORDS: Hernias, diaphragmatic, congenital; Laparoscopy; Surgery

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