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Minerva Chirurgica 2019 August;74(4):289-96

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.19.07891-X

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis in octogenarians: impact of advanced age on postoperative outcome

Samuele VACCARI 1 , Augusto LAURO 1, Maurizio CERVELLERA 1, Giorgio PALAZZINI 2, Giovanni CASELLA 2, Alberto SANTORO 2, Domenico MASCAGNI 2, Pietro URSI 2, Eliana GULOTTA 3, Umberto D'ERRICO 1, Alessandro USSIA 1, Niccolò DE SIENA 1, Stefania BIANCHINI 1, Vito D'ANDREA 2, Valeria TONINI 1

1 Unit of Emergency Surgery, St. Orsola University Hospital, Alma Mater Studiorum University, Bologna, Italy; 2 “Advanced Surgical Technologies” Department of Surgical Sciences, Umberto I University Hospital, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy; 3 Unit of Plastic Surgery and Burn Care, Arnas Civico Hospital, Palermo, Italy



BACKGROUND: The number of surgical operations in elderly patients is increasing due to the aging demographics of western populations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the peri-operative outcome of octogenarian patients undergoing cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis including all patients who underwent cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis from January 2013 to December 2017. Records were collected prospectively from two centers: 1) Unit of Emergency Surgery, St. Orsola University Hospital, Alma Mater Studiorum University, Bologna; 2) “Advanced Surgical Technologies” Department of Surgical Sciences, Umberto I University Hospital, La Sapienza University, Rome. Patients were divided by age (≥ or <80 years) and peri-operative outcomes were compared.
RESULTS: During the study period, 464 patients were operated for acute cholecystitis in the two centers. Sixty-three (14%) patients were octogenarians (group 1) and median age was 84.8±3.9 years. Four hundred and one patients (86%) were younger than 80 years (group 2) with median age of 55.3±15.3 years. Forty-four per cent of group-1 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus 81% of the younger group (P<0.01). Elderly patients had a higher percentage of overall complications (25% vs. 9%; P=0.03) and a longer median postoperative length of stay (7.2±6.8 vs. 4.6±7.7; P=0.04). Overall mortality was 1%: two patients died in group-1 and one in group-2 (P=0.50). However, on multivariate analysis age older than 80 years was not found to be an independent risk factor for postoperative morbidity and mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis in octogenarians is a relatively safe procedure with an acceptable risk of complications and a postoperative hospital stay comparable to younger ones.


KEY WORDS: Cholecystectomy; Cholecystitis, acute; Aged, 80 and over

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