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  ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION 

Minerva Chirurgica 2012 February;67(1):15-30

Copyright © 2012 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Future challenges in renal transplantation

Whalen H., Clancy M., Jardine A.

Renal Unit, Western Infirmary, Dumbarton Road, Glasgow, UK


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There is a worldwide increase in the incidence of end-stage renal disease. Renal transplantation has been shown to be cost effective, prolong survival and provide a better quality of life in comparison to dialysis. Consequently, there has been a steady increase in demand for organs leading to a shortage of available kidneys, and an increase in transplant waiting lists. Renal transplantation is therefore an expanding field with a number of unique future challenges to address. This article outlines strategies that may be employed to expand organ supply in order to meet increased demand. The ethical issues surrounding this are also summarized. Furthermore, we highlight techniques with the potential to minimize peri-transplant injury to the kidney on its journey from donor to recipient. Current and potential future management strategies to optimize graft and patient survival are also discussed.

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