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Minerva Chirurgica 2010 June;65(3):267-74


language: English

Non-operative management of blunt trauma in abdominal solid organ injuries: a prospective study to evaluate the success rate and predictive factors of failure

Hashemzadeh S. H., Hashemzadeh K. H., Dehdilani M., Rezaei S.

1 Department of General and Thoracic Surgery, Tuberculosis Lung Research Centre (TLRC), General and Thoracic Surgery Imam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 2 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shahid Madani Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 3 Department of General Surgery, Imam Reza Hospital. Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


AIM: Over the past several years, non-operative management (NOM) has increasingly been recommended for the care of selected blunt abdominal solid organ injuries. No prospective study has evaluated the rate of NOM of blunt abdominal trauma in the northwest of Iran. The objective of our study was to evaluate the success rate of this kind of management in patients who do not require emergency surgery.
METHODS: This prospective study was carried out in Imam Khomeini Hospital (as a referral center of trauma) at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, between 20 March 2004 and 20 March 2007. All trauma patients who had suffered an injury to a solid abdominal organ (kidney, liver, or spleen) were selected for initial analysis, using the Student’s t test or the c2 test.
RESULTS: During the three years of the study, 98 patients (83 males and 15 females) with blunt trauma were selected to NOM for renal, hepatic and splenic injuries. Mean age was 26.1±17.7 years (range, 2 to 89) and mean injury severity score (ISS) was 14.5±7.4. The success rate of NOM was 93.8%. Fifty-one patients (43 males, 8 females; mean ISS, 14.2±5.8) underwent NOM of splenic trauma; 38 patients (33 males, 5 females; mean ISS, 12.9±8.2) hepatic trauma, and nine patients (7 males, 2 females; mean ISS, 22.2±7.6) renal trauma. Six patients underwent laparotomy due to the failure of NOM. The success rates of this treatment were 94.1%, 94.7% and 88.8% for the spleen, liver and kidney injuries, respectively. Age, female gender and ISS were significant predictors of the failure of NOM (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: According to the authors NOM can be successfully performed for the hemodynamically stable patients with solid organ blunt trauma. The study indicates that the rates of NOM vary in relation to the severity of the organ injury. This suggests trauma centers should use this approach.

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