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Minerva Chirurgica 2003 October;58(5):755-68


language: Italian

Experimental kidney transplantation: a comparison between different models

Zonta S., Alessiani M., Abbiati F., Fayer F., Zitelli E., Bardone M. Cobianchi L., Lovisetto F., Piccioni P. F., Burroni B., Viganò J., Doni M., Dominioni T., Blangetti I., Lusona B., Morbini P., Dionigi P., Zonta A.


Aim. Two different models of kidney transplantation have been compared using 3 different techniques. The kidney grafts were procured from living donors (laparoscopic or laparotomic technique) and from cadaveric donors.
Methods. Twenty-four outbred piglets (Large White, weight range 24-27 kg) underwent kidney transplantation. We divided the recipients into 2 groups with the following characteristics: group 1 (n=12) was represented by orthopic kidney recipients whose grafts were retrieved by laparoscopic or lapartomic technique from living unrelated donors; group 2 (n=12) was constituted by heterotopic kidney recipients whose grafts were retrieved by laparotomic technique from unrelated cadaveric donors. In both groups, Grogoire-Lich technique and Politano-Laedbetter technique were used in order to perform ureteral-vescical anastomosis together with a new technique developed from our experience called Politano-Laedbetter modified. All transplanted pigs underwent double immunosoppressive steroid therapy (tacrolimus and micofenolate mofetil). The pigs were observed for 60 days.
Results. The survival rates in group 1 and in group 2 were 75% (n=9) and 66% (n=8), respectively. No significative differences were noted in length of operative time, creatinemia and ureamia levels in both study groups. The Gregoire-Lich technique was associated with a higher rate of complications.
Conclusion. Two different experimental models of kidney transplantation are feasible in pigs. The classic technique could be combined with the orthopic one based on the type of study needed.

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