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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2020 Feb 25

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4725.20.05103-8

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Renal dysfunction is associated with lower incidence of positive fractional flow reserve values in patients with severe hypertension

László HADADI 1 , Răzvan C. ȘERBAN 1, Tamás JUHÁSZ 2, Oana ȚEPEȘ 3, Cristina SOMKEREKI 2, 3, Zoltán DEMJÉN 3, István ADORJÁN 3, Silvia LUPU 2, 3

1 Department of Interventional Cardiology, Emergency Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases and Transplantation, Tîrgu Mureș, Romania; 2 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mureș, Tîrgu Mureș, Romania; 3 Department of Adult Cardiology, Emergency Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases and Transplantation of Tîrgu Mureș, Tîrgu Mureș, Romania


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BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction, an important predictor of cardiovascular mortality, is paradoxically associated with a lower incidence of positive coronary fractional flow reserve (FFR) values, possibly due to renal disease-associated myocardial microvascular dysfunction. It is unknown if this relationship is influenced by arterial hypertension, a condition strongly associated with renal- and microvascular dysfunction.
METHODS: The incidence of positive (<0.81) FFR values was retrospectively evaluated in consecutive patients with intermediate severity coronary artery lesions that were either associating or not associating renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance, CrCl <90ml/min/1.73m2), and had mild/moderate or severe arterial hypertension (treated by <3 or ≥3 different drugs).
RESULTS: Positive FFR values were found in 49.5% of the 109 included patients, with a significantly lower incidence in those with renal dysfunction: 23 vs. 31 cases (39.7% vs. 60.8%, p=0.03). However, uni- and multivariate subpopulation analysis evidenced that renal dysfunction was a significant independent predictor of fewer positive FFR results only in severely hypertensive patients (univariate p values for mild/moderate and severe hypertension: 0.80 and <0.01, respectively; multivariate p in severely hypertensive patients: 0.04). This categorization significantly restricted the number of borderline FFR results (0.75- 0.80) where measurement interpretation could be challenging because of renal dysfunction (from 13.8% to 4.6% of the whole study population, p=0.03).
CONCLUSIONS: In the current study renal dysfunction was independently associated with a significantly higher incidence of negative FFR results in patients with intermediate severity coronary artery lesions only in the presence of severe arterial hypertension. This observation should be confirmed by large-scale prospective clinical trials.


KEY WORDS: Coronary artery disease; Fractional flow reserve; Renal insufficiency; Blood pressure; Hypertension

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