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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2020 Feb 20

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4725.20.05021-5

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Long-term ischemic mitral regurgitation. Which parameters predict decrease or increase in the degree after 5-years?

Karolina MĖLINYTĖ , Vaida MIZARIENĖ, Renaldas JURKEVIČIUS

Department of Cardiology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu 2, Kaunas, Lithuania


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BACKGROUND: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a frequent valvular heart disease and is related to worse prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics in the degree of IMR from the acute phase of inferoposterior myocardial infarction (MI) to 5-years follow-up and to identify the predictors of change in the degree of mitral regurgitation (MR).
METHODS: We included patients with first ever acute inferoposterior MI and examined them in two phases: at the time of acute MI then 5-years later. Based on two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography, the patients were divided into the non-significant MR (NMR) group and IMR group. The parameters of left ventricle (LV), mitral apparatus and clinical data were assessed in both phases. The predictors of a decrease or an increase in the degree of mitral regurgitation after 5-years were identified.
RESULTS: The values of the parameters of mitral apparatus and LV chambers increased with higher degrees of IMR. The tenting height, systolic blood pressure and posteromedial papillary muscle (PMPM) displacement during the acute phase were the most important in predicting the change in the degree of MR after 5-years.
CONCLUSIONS: The assessment of mitral apparatus in acute phase of MI can be most useful to determine the change of the degree of MR long-term post MI. Although LV remodelling itself contributes to IMR, this influence is directly dependent on alterations in mitral geometry.


KEY WORDS: Ischemic mitral regurgitation; Myocardial infarction; Mitral apparatus

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