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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2010 April;58(2):167-74


language: English

Secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. A survey in an Italian primary care practice

Modesti A. 1, Del Papa C. 1, Modesti L. 1, Bartaloni R. 1, Galloni V. 1, Dell’Omo G. 2, Pedrinelli R. 3

1 Studio Associato di Medicina Generale, Pontedera, Italy; 2 Dipartimento Cardiotoracico e Vascolare, Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy; 3 Gruppo di Studio Epidemiologia e Prevenzione Società Italiana di Cardiologia, Italy


AIM: Management of patients with pre-existing coronary heart disease (CHD) relies for the most part on primary care physicians, an endeavour whose success is dependent upon acceptance and day-to-day application of guideline recommendations for secondary CHD prevention. The aim of this study is to analyze the status of secondary CHD prevention in an Italian primary care practice consisting of five partnered general practitioners attending 7006 subjects aged 15years or more (3137 males, 3869 females) in Ponte-dera, Tuscany.
METHODS: Retrieval of patients with history of CHD (previous myocardial infarction, [MI], and stable angina) from computerized records of the 5987 (2735 men, 3252 women) subjects aged 35-85 years enlisted in the practice. Patients with myocardial infarction <3 months at the time of the query were excluded.
RESULTS: Search retrieved 153 (2.6%) subjects with history of CHD, 93 (3.4%) males and 60 (1.8%) females. Females were older and smoked more frequently than men. Antiplate-let drugs, beta-blockers, renin-angiotensin system bloc-kers and statins were prescribed in 84%, 56%, 66% and 68% of the ischemic patients. LDL cholesterol targets of 100 and 70 mg/dL were achieved in only 60 (45%) and 11 (9%) respectively. Systolic blood pressure was above 140 mmHg in 25 out of 146 patients with available data.
CONCLUSION: The surveys shows satisfactory uptake of guideline recommendations but also pitfalls in the implementation of secondary CHD prevention requirements. Targeted interventions on primary care physicians are critically needed to enhance further provider adherence to consensus guidelines for CHD risk reduction.

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