Home > Journals > Minerva Cardioangiologica > Past Issues > Minerva Cardioangiologica 2003 February;51(1) > Minerva Cardioangiologica 2003 February;51(1):1-4

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints
Permissions

 

REVIEWS   

Minerva Cardioangiologica 2003 February;51(1):1-4

Copyright © 2003 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The dual pathway electrophysiology of the atrioventricular conduction. A new look at an old phenomenon

Mazgalev T. N., Zhang Y.


PDF


Although we soon will be marking the 100th anniversary of the discovery of the atrioventricular (AV) node, the mysteries of this most complex of all parts of the conduction system of the heart remain. We are still battling controversies related to the precise morphology of the AV node and its atrial approaches. We are still debating the exact reentrant pathways of the AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. We are still uncertain if the so-called dual AV nodal electrophysiology encompasses two or more pathways, and what exactly makes these pathways in the absence of distinct insulated cables between the atrium and the AV node. It may be just surprising, in view of the above limitations, that current level of knowledge has nevertheless made possible some of the most spectacular successes in the modern cardiac electrophysiology. Thus, the cases of typical AVNRT are cured with a very high rate of success by radiofrequency ablations, increasing the quality of life of thousands of patients. AV nodal modifications are being performed to slow the ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation, although more progress is needed in this endeavor. The goal of the present review is to outline the major anatomic and electrophysiologic efforts in understanding the mechanisms underlying the dual pathway AV nodal propagation and to trace some novel approaches that promise to widen the horizon of the experimental and clinical fields.

top of page