Home > Journals > Minerva Cardioangiologica > Past Issues > Minerva Cardioangiologica 1999 September;47(9) > Minerva Cardioangiologica 1999 September;47(9):285-300

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe PROMO
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints
Permissions

 

REVIEWS   

Minerva Cardioangiologica 1999 September;47(9):285-300

Copyright © 1999 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

Acute vascular abdomen. General outlook and algorithms

Miani S., Boneschi M., La Penna A., Erba M., De Monti M., Giordanengo F.


PDF


Acute vascular abdomen is a severe and life-threatening pathology due to arterial degeneration, leading to hemorrhage or arterial occlusion leading to ischemia. Differential diagnosis of patients with severe abdominal pain and/or shock include several vascular and traumatic diseases, the most common being rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), or less frequently rupture of visceral artery aneurysm. Also acute aortic dissection, iatrogenic injury and acute mesenteric ischemia may lead to acute vascular abdomen. Clinical evaluation of the haemodynamic status of the patient may be very difficult, and may require airway maintenance and ventilation with a rapid treatment of hemorrhagic shock. In the stable patient with an uncertain diagnosis, CT scan, NMR and selective angiography may be helpful in diagnosis before vascular repair. On the contrary, the unstable patient, after hemodynamic resuscitation, must be operated on expeditiously. We present our vascular algorithms, to assess timing of diagnosis and treatment of this severe acute disease.

top of page