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MINERVA BIOTECNOLOGICA

A Journal on Biotechnology and Molecular Biology


Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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REVIEW  STEM CELL-BASED BIOTECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES IN REGENERATIVE MEDICINEFREEfree


Minerva Biotecnologica 2017 December;29(4):174-9

DOI: 10.23736/S1120-4826.17.02351-5

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Stem cell-derived exosome transplantation as a new cell-free therapy for liver regeneration

Phuc VAN PHAM

Stem Cell Institute, University of Science, VNUHCM, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam


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Stem cell transplantation has been used to treat some diseases with promising results. Stem cells stem cells can rescue injured tissues through various mechanisms, such as stimulation of growth factor secretion, activation of other/local stem cells, differentiation into specialized cells, and modulation of the immune system. However, stem cell transplantation also carries risks related to immune rejection as well as tumorigenesis. In recent years, more evidence has suggested that transplantation of stem cell-derived exosomes can induce effects similar to stem cell transplantation. Particularly, exosomes are less immunogenic than the parent cells due to their low content of membrane proteins. This review aims to summarize the characteristics of exosomes, including their physiological functions, and to highlight the therapeutic effects of exosome injection in hepatic regeneration.


KEY WORDS: Exosomes - Extracellular vesicles - Stem cells - Mesenchymal stromal cells - Liver regeneration

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Publication History

Issue published online: November 22, 2017
Manuscript accepted: October 3, 2017
Manuscript received: September 29, 2017

Cite this article as

Van Pham P. Stem cell-derived exosome transplantation as a new cell-free therapy for liver regeneration. Minerva Biotec 2017;29:174-9. DOI: 10.23736/S1120-4826.17.02351-5

Corresponding author e-mail

pvphuc@hcmuns.edu.vn