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Minerva Anestesiologica 2021 Jun 25

DOI: 10.23736/S0375-9393.21.15427-6

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Acquisition of skills in Critical Emergency Medicine: an experimental study on the SIAARTI Academy CREM experience

Denise BATTAGLINI 1, 2 , Alessandra IONESCU MADDALENA 3, 4, Roberta R. CAPORUSSO 5, Eugenio GAROFALO 6, Andrea BRUNI 6, Maria Grazia BOCCI 4, Emiliano CINGOLANI 7, Antonino GIARRATANO 8, Flavia PETRINI 9, on behalf of the SIAARTI ACADEMY CREM Group 

1 Anesthesia and Intensive Care, San Martino Policlinico Hospital, IRCCS for Oncology and Neuroscience, Genoa, Italy; 2 Department of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 3 UOC Anestesia e Rianimazione, Polo Ospedaliero Balcolle ASL, Viterbo, Italy; 4 Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Emergenza, Anestesiologiche e della Rianimazione, Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Università Cattolica del sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy; 5 Sezione anestesia e rianimazione, Dipartimento di Scienze mediche e chirurgiche, Università degli Studi di Foggia, Foggia, Italy; 6 Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Mater Domini University Hospital, Catanzaro, Italy; 7 Dipartimento di Emergenza Accettazione e delle Chirurgie specialistiche, UOSD Shock e Trauma, Azienda Ospedaliera San Camillo Forlanini, Rome, Italy; 8 Section of Anaesthesia, Analgesia, Intensive Care and Emergency, Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Science (Di.Chir.On.S.), Policlinico Paolo Giaccone, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 9 Department of Anesthesia, Perioperative Medicine, Pain Therapy, RRS and Critical Care Area - DEA ASL2 Abruzzo, Chieti University Hospital, Chieti, Italy



BACKGROUND: In 2019 the SIAARTI developed a seven-days course for residents, focused on critical emergency medicine (CREM) in a hostile environment, that grounds on simulation-based education and training with hands-on simulation, high-fidelity simulators and part-task trainers. This project aimed to evaluate the efficacy of this course in comparison to traditional learning programs in term of technical (TS) and non-technical (NTS) skills. We assessed the improvement in TS and NTS over time, and the ability to involve trainees in corporate activities.
METHODS: Three-hundred and twenty-seven trainees completed the study. Trainees were allocated into 3 groups: those who joined the SIAARTI-Academy-CREM course and received a study kit (SAKit, n=124), those who received only a study kit (Kit, n=108), and Control (n=95). Eighty-five tests were administered to investigate skills at 3 timepoints: T0=baseline, T1=post-training/kit, and T2=4-months later.
RESULTS: TS differed among groups (p<0.0001), with the highest points in the SA-Kit group at T1 (post-hoc comparison, p<0.0001 vs Kit; p<0.0001 vs Control), and T2 (post-hoc comparison, p<0.0001 vs Kit; p<0.0001 vs Control). NTS differed among groups (p=0.0406), with the highest points in the SA-Kit group at T1 (post-hoc comparison, p=0.0337 vs Kit; p=0.0416 vs Control), and T2 (post-hoc comparison, p=0.0073 vs Kit; p=0.3308 vs Control). SA-Kit group significantly improved TS (p<0.0001) and NTS (p=0.0006) over time. Involvement in corporate activities of SAkit was significantly higher than Kit and Control (p=0.0012).
CONCLUSIONS: SA-Kit improvement in TS and NTS was higher than Kit and Control and was maintained over time. Participation in this course implemented participation in corporate activities among attendees.


KEY WORDS: Education; Training; Technical skills; Non-technical skills; Anesthesia; Critical emergency medicine

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