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Minerva Anestesiologica 2021 Jan 12

DOI: 10.23736/S0375-9393.20.14122-1


language: English

The management of pediatric severe traumatic brain injury: Italian guideline

Leonardo BUSSOLIN 1, Martina FALCONI 2, Maria C. LEO 2, Niccolò PARRI 3 , Salvatore DE MASI 4, Anna ROSATI 5, Costanza CECCHI 6, Barbara SPACCA 7, Manuela GRANDONI 7, Alessandra BETTIOL 8, Ersilia LUCENTEFORTE 9, Riccardo LUBRANO 10, Raffaele FALSAPERLA 10, Francesca MELOSI 11, Rino AGOSTINIANI 12, Francesca MANGIANTINI 12, Giuseppe TALAMONTI 13, Edoardo CALDERINI 14, Aldo MANCINO 15, Marco DE LUCA 16, Giorgio CONTI 15, Flavia PETRINI 14, on behalf of Guideline Working Group

1 Trauma Center e Neuroanestesia e Rianimazione, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria A. Meyer, Florence, Italy; 2 Segreteria Tecnico Scientifica del Comitato Etico Pediatrico Regionale, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria A. Meyer, Florence, Italy; 3 Pronto Soccorso e Trauma Center, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria A. Meyer, Florence, Italy; 4 Clinical Trial Office, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria A. Meyer, Florence, Italy; 5 Centro Eccellenza Neuroscienze, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria A. Meyer, Florence, Italy; 6 Anestesia e Rianimazione, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria A. Meyer, Florence, Italy; 7 Neurochirurgia, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria A. Meyer, Florence, Italy; 8 Università di Firenze, Florence, Italy; 9 Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy; 10 Società Italiana di Medicina Emergenza Urgenza Pediatrica; 11 Società Italiana di Neurosonologia ed Emodinamica Cerebrale; 12 Società Italiana di Pediatria; 13 Società Italiana di Neurochirurgia; 14 Società Italiana di Anestesia Analgesia Rianimazione e Terapia Intensiva; 15 Società di Anestesia e Rianimazione Neonatale e Pediatrica Italiana; 16 Accademia Medica ed Infermieristica di Emergenza e Terapia Intensiva Pediatrica

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the work is to update the “Guidelines for the Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury” published in 2012, to reflect the new available evidence, and develop the Italian national guideline for the management of severe pediatric head injuries to reduce variation in practice and ensure optimal care to patients.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from January 2009 to October 2017. Inclusion criteria were: English language, pediatric populations (0-18 years) or mixed populations (pediatric-adult) with available age subgroup analyses. The guideline development process was started by the Promoting Group that composed a multidisciplinary panel of experts, with the representatives of the Scientific Societies, the independent expert specialists and a representative of the Patient Associations. The panel selected the clinical questions, discussed the evidences and formulated the text of the recommendations. The documentarists of the University of Florence oversaw the bibliographic research strategy. A group of literature reviewers evaluated the selected literature and compiled the table of evidence for each clinical question.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The search strategies identified 4254 articles. We selected 3227 abstract (first screening) and, finally included 67 articles (second screening) to update the guideline. This Italian update includes 25 evidence-based recommendations and 5 research recommendations.
CONCLUSIONS: In recent years, progress has been made on the understanding of severe pediatric brain injury, as well as on that concerning all major traumatic pathology. This has led to a progressive improvement in the clinical outcome, although the quantity and quality of evidence remains particularly low.

KEY WORDS: Traumatic brain injury; Glasgow coma scale; Pediatrics; Guideline

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