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Minerva Anestesiologica 2020 May 22

DOI: 10.23736/S0375-9393.20.14079-3

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Influence of mechanical ventilation and loading modifications on left ventricular global longitudinal strain in patients undergoing general anesthesia. A pilot study

Raphaël CINOTTI 1, Thierry LE TOURNEAU 2, Nicolas GRILLOT 1, Paul ROOZE 1, Pierre MILLOUR 1, Karim ASEHNOUNE 1, 3

1 Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Hôtel Dieu, University Hospital of Nantes, Nantes, France; 2 Institut du Thorax, Inserm UMR1087, Hôtel Dieu, University Hospital of Nantes, Nantes, France; 3 Laboratoire UPRES EA 3826 "Thérapeutiques Cliniques et Expérimentales des Infections", University Hospital of Nantes, Nantes, France


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BACKGROUND: The modifications of left ventricular systolic function assessed with global longitudinal strain (GLS) after general anesthesia and invasive mechanical ventilation are poorly described.
METHODS: This was a single-center observational study. ASA I-II patients undergoing routine surgical procedures requiring anesthesia with invasive mechanical ventilation had serial trans-thoracic speckle-tracking echocardiography: at baseline, 5 minutes after anesthesia and invasive mechanical ventilation, one minute after passive leg raising and after extubation. The primary objective was to evaluate the modification of left ventricular systolic function, assessed with GLS, under anesthesia and mechanical ventilation. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the alterations of GLS after pre-load modifications with passive leg raising and after extubation.
RESULTS: From November 2016 to July 2017, 27 patients were included. Baseline LVEF (60% [56-63]) and GLS (-20.6% [-23.2/-19.2]) were within normal ranges. After anesthesia, LVEF was not altered but GLS showed a significant decrease (-18.2% [-20.4/-17.1], P<0.05). After passive leg raising, GLS was significantly impaired compared with baseline (-17.6% [- 19.7/-15], P<0.05) and 7 (26%) patients presented systolic function impairment (GLS >-16%). GLS was similar to baseline after extubation (-21.7% [-23.1/-19.5], P>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Systolic function assessed with GLS is impaired after general anesthesia and invasive mechanical ventilation in patients without cardiovascular co-morbidities but remains within normal range.


KEY WORDS: Strain; Speckle-tracking; Echocardiography; Mechanical ventilation; Anesthesiology

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