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Minerva Anestesiologica 2022 July-August;88(7-8):554-63

DOI: 10.23736/S0375-9393.22.15749-4


language: English

Use of an intraoperative veno-venous bypass during liver transplantation: an observational, single center, cohort study

Gianmarco GUARINO 1, Gabriella LICITRA 2, Davide GHINOLFI 2, 3, Paolo DESIMONE 2, 3, Francesco FORFORI 2, Maria L. BINDI 1, Gianni BIANCOFIORE 1, 2

1 Unit of Transplant Anesthesia and Critical Care, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Pisana, Pisa, Italy; 2 Department of Surgical, Medical, Biochemical Pathology and Intensive Care, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; 3 Liver Transplant Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria Pisana, Pisa, Italy

BACKGROUND: As previous studies demonstrated conflicting results, we investigated the hemodynamic and renal outcomes of the intra-operative use of a veno-venous bypass during liver transplantation.
METHODS: The intraoperative levels of mean artery pressure, cardiac index, inferior vena cava and renal perfusion pressures were compared in liver transplant patients receiving or not the bypass.
RESULTS: We enrolled 38 patients: 20 with the bypass and 18 without. No differences characterized the two groups regarding gender (P=0.95), age (P=0.32), BMI (P=0.09), liver disease indicating LT and preoperative serum creatinine levels. Patients with the bypass received more intraoperative fluids (crystalloids and colloids) but with no difference in terms of intraoperative blood products and vasopressors requirements (P=0.33). After clamping of the inferior vena cava, patients with the bypass showed higher mean artery pressure. Simultaneously, pressure in the inferior vena cava below the clamp level sharply increased vs. baseline (P<0.0001) independently of the use of the bypass and remained high until clamp release. Consequently, renal perfusion pressure dropped abruptly (P<0.0001) after vena cava clamping and returned to baseline only upon clamp removal. Overall, 18 subjects developed postoperative acute kidney injury which was equally distributed between patients with (n=9) or without (N.=8) the bypass.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the use of a veno-venous bypass fails to release the increased renal venous backflow from inferior vena cava clamping resulting in renal congestion with reduced renal perfusion pressure.

KEY WORDS: Liver transplantation; Monitoring, intraoperative; Intraoperative care; Postoperative complications; Acute kidney injury; Hemodynamics

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