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Minerva Anestesiologica 2021 August;87(8):880-90

DOI: 10.23736/S0375-9393.21.15368-4

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Circulating leptin, soluble leptin receptor and free leptin index in critically ill patients with sepsis: a prospective observational study

Irene KARAMPELA 1 , Evangelia CHRYSANTHOPOULOU 1, George SKYLLAS 1, Gerasimos S. CHRISTODOULATOS 2, Evangelia KANDRI 2, Georgios ANTONAKOS 3, Theodora STRATIGOU 2, Apostolos ARMAGANIDIS 1, Maria DALAMAGA 2

1 Second Department of Critical Care, Attikon General University Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Haidari, Greece; 2 Department of Biological Chemistry, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; 3 Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry, Attikon General University Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Haidari, Greece



BACKGROUND: Leptin, the prototype adipokine, exerts immunomodulatory actions being implicated in inflammatory responses during sepsis. Clinical evidence regarding its role in sepsis has been contradictory, while free leptin has not been studied. The aim of this study was to jointly investigate circulating total leptin, its soluble receptor (sOB-R), and free leptin, as well as their kinetics in critically ill patients with sepsis regarding their diagnostic and prognostic value.
METHODS: In a prospective study, serum total leptin, sOB-R and free leptin index (FLI) were determined in 102 critically ill patients with sepsis within 48 hours from sepsis onset and one week after enrollment, and in 102 age and gender-matched healthy controls.
RESULTS: Upon enrolment, total leptin, sOB-R and FLI were significantly higher in septic patients compared to controls and they were positively correlated with sepsis severity scores, while they presented a significant decrease during the first week (P<0.001). The decrease in total leptin and sOB-R was significantly higher in patients with sepsis compared to septic shock and in survivors compared to non-survivors at 28 days (P<0.001). Higher serum total leptin was independently associated with survival at 28 days (enrollment: HR 0.86, P=0.03; one week after: HR 0.77, P<0.001). Higher kinetics of total leptin (but not FLI) was independently associated with survival after adjustment (HR: 0.48, P=0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Higher circulating total leptin and its higher kinetics during the first week from sepsis onset independently predict 28-day survival in critically ill patients. Free leptin did not present any additional diagnostic and prognostic value in sepsis.


KEY WORDS: Critical illness; Leptin; Mortality; Sepsis; Receptors, leptin

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