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Minerva Anestesiologica 2019 November;85(11):1184-92

DOI: 10.23736/S0375-9393.19.13721-2


language: English

A challenge with 5 cmH2O of positive end-expiratory pressure predicts fluid responsiveness in neurosurgery patients with protective ventilation: an observational study

Achmet ALI 1, Evren AYGUN 1, Taner ABDULLAH 1 , Sahika BOLSOY-DEVECI 2, Mukadder ORHAN-SUNGUR 1, Mert CANBAZ 1, Ibrahim OZKAN AKINCI 1

1 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey; 2 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Besni State Hospital, Adiyaman, Turkey

BACKGROUND: Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) increment induces a decrease in Stroke Volume Index (SVI). We hypothesized that the magnitude of SVI reduction due to a 5 cmH2O increase in PEEP could predict fluid responsiveness during low tidal volume ventilation.
METHODS: Forty-eight patients completed the study. Heart rate, mean arterial pressure, SVI, pulse pressure variation (PPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV) were recorded before short-time low PEEP (SLPC) challenge (applied additional 5 cmH2O PEEP to patients for 30 seconds), during SLPC and before and after 500 mL fluid loading. Patients whose SVI increased more than 15% after the fluid loading were defined as volume responders.
RESULTS: Twenty-one (44%) patients were volume responder. Decrease percentage in SVI during SLPC was 17.4±3.6% and 9.9±3.1% in responders and non-responders respectively (P<0.001). A strong correlation was found between decrease percentage in SVI during SLPC and increase percentage in SVI after fluid loading (R2=0.680, P<0.001). The area under receiver operating curves generated to predict fluid responsiveness for decrease percentage in SVI during SLPC (0.944, 95% CI: 0.836-0.990) was significantly higher than that for PPV (0.777, 95% CI: 0.634-0.884, P=0.025) and SVV (0.773, 95% CI: 0.630-0.882, P=0.022). Best cut-off values of decrease percentage in SVI during SLPC was -14.2 with 95% sensitivity and 89% specificity.
CONCLUSIONS: SVI change percentage during SLPC can predict fluid responsiveness better than PPV and SVV in neurosurgery patients ventilated with low tidal volume.

KEY WORDS: Monitoring, intraoperative; Fluid therapy; Positive-pressure respiration; Stroke volume

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