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ORIGINAL ARTICLE   Freefree

Minerva Anestesiologica 2019 September;85(9):981-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0375-9393.19.13276-2

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Ability of mini-fluid challenge to predict fluid responsiveness in obese patients undergoing surgery in the prone position

Achmet ALI, Yeser DORMAN, Taner ABDULLAH , Ceren YASA, Mukadder ORHAN-SUNGUR, Ibrahim O. AKINCI, Perihan ERGIN-OZCAN

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey



BACKGROUND: Pulse pressure variation (PPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV) can predict fluid responsiveness effectively. However, high Body Mass Index (BMI) can restrict their use due to changes in respiratory system compliance (CS), intra-abdominal pressure, and stroke volume (SV) in the prone position. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effectiveness of mini-fluid challenge (MFC) in predicting fluid responsiveness in obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) patients in the prone position.
METHODS: A total of 33 patients undergoing neurosurgery were included. After standardized anesthesia induction, patients’ PPV, SVV, stroke volume index (SVI) and CS values were recorded in the prone position (T1), after the infusion of 100 mL of crystalloid named as MFC (T2) and after fluid loading was completed with additional 400 mL of crystalloid. Patients whose SVI increased more than 15% after the fluid loading were defined as volume responders.
RESULTS: Fifteen (45%) patients were responders to 500 mL fluid loading. After the 100 mL fluid load, a higher percentage increase in SVI was observed among responders (P<0.001), with values of 6.6% (6.2-8.6%) and 3.5% (1.7-4.8%) in responders and non-responders, respectively. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves of MFC, PPV, and SVV were 0.967 (95% CI: 0.838-0.999), 0.683 (95% CI: 0.499-0.834), and 0.709 (95% CI: 0.526-0.853), respectively. The area under the curve of MFC was significantly higher than that of PPV (P=0.003) and SVV (P=0.005).
CONCLUSIONS: The increase in SVI after a rapid infusion of 100 mL crystalloid could predict fluid responsiveness in patients with BMI ≥30 kg/m2 in the prone position.


KEY WORDS: Intraoperative monitoring; Fluid therapy; Obesity; Prone position

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