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Minerva Anestesiologica 2018 November;84(11):1270-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0375-9393.18.12249-8

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction in critically ill patients at the time of speckle tracking echocardiography: intensivists in training for echocardiography versus experienced operators

Federico FRANCHI 1 , Matteo CAMELI 2, Fabio S. TACCONE 3, Loredana MAZZETTI 1, Elisa BIGIO 1, Martina CONTORNI 1, Sergio MONDILLO 2, Sabino SCOLLETTA 1

1 Unit of Intensive Care Medicine, Department of Medical Biotechnologies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy; 2 Unit of Cardiology, Department of Medical Biotechnologies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy; 3 Department of Intensive Care, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Erasme Hospital, Brussels, Belgium



BACKGROUND: The biplane Simpson’s method is considered the gold standard to assess and monitor left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) in critically ill patients. Recently, a new semi-automatic technique based on speckle tracking echocardiography called “Auto-EF” has been introduced. We compared LVEF values obtained with biplane Simpson’s method and Auto-EF by two groups of operators: trainee echocardiography intensivists and experienced echocardiographers.
METHODS: A standard transthoracic echocardiography was performed on 37 patients. According to image quality 29 patients were selected. Each inexperienced and experienced operator executed an off-line analysis using both Simpson’s method and Auto-EF. LVEF obtained by the two groups of operators were then compared.
RESULTS: EF values assessed with Simpson’s method showed a moderate correlation (r=0.70, P<0.01) between inexperienced and experienced operators. The Bland-Altman analysis showed a mean bias of 0.3% with limits of agreement (LoA) from -24.4 to +25.1%. Values obtained with Auto-EF showed a good correlation (r=0.94, P<0.01) with a mean bias of 0.2% and LoA from -10.1 to +10.4%.
CONCLUSIONS: Due to its semiautomatic nature, for inexpert operators Auto-EF seems more reproducible than the traditional Simpson’s method for monitoring left ventricular function in critically ill patients.


KEY WORDS: Echocardiography - Critical illness - Hemodynamics - Intensive Care Units - Ventricular function, left

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