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Minerva Anestesiologica 2014 January;80(1):83-8

Copyright © 2014 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Update on anesthetic complications of robotic thoracic surgery

Campos J., Ueda K.

Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa Health Care, Iowa City, IA, USA


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In the last decade, there has been increasing use of the da Vinci® robot surgical system to perform minimally invasive thoracic surgery. The robotic technology can be applied for surgery of the lungs, mediastinum, and esophagus. A number of case reports have been shown steep learning curve, and promising surgical outcome with this new technology. However, anesthesia management of the robotic thoracic surgery can be complex and requires further education. For example, most of the cases require sufficient lung collapse in order to provide adequate surgical field. In addition, a unique operative setting, such as patient positioning and capnothorax can make anesthesia management further challenging. Hence, anesthesiologists should have better awareness of adverse events or complications related to the robotic surgery to accomplish successful anesthesia management. This review will focus on the potential complications of robotic thoracic surgery involving the lungs, mediastinum and esophagus.

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