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La Rivista Italiana della Medicina di Laboratorio 2021 Settembre;17(3):133-8

DOI: 10.23736/S1825-859X.21.00113-4


language: Italian

Preprints: is it true glory?

Piero CAPPELLETTI 1 , Nicola BIZZARO 2, Romolo M. DORIZZI 3

1 SIPMeL, Castelfranco Veneto, Treviso, Italia; 2 Laboratorio di Patologia Clinica, Ospedale Sant’Antonio, Tolmezzo - Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Integrata di Udine, Udine, Italia; 3 UOC Patologia Clinica, Laboratorio Unico della Romagna, Pievesestina di Cesena, Forlì-Cesena, Italia

Preprints are preliminary versions of scientific manuscripts that researchers share by posting to preprint servers before peer-review and publication in an academic journal. Preprint servers are publicly available online archives that host preprints and their associated data. There are several advantages of this practice, mainly the free communication speed, accessibility, feedback from other researchers with consequent greater collaborations. The critical points basically lie in the absence of peer review, with possible threats to scientific integrity, in the availability of sources for the media that are not certain, with the dissemination of unfounded news to the general public, and in the distortion of curricular profiles for hierarchical evaluations and for grant applications. However, the practice of preprints will not stop. Risk mitigation interventions were suggested (acceptance of preprints only within a peer-review process; ethical policies, filters and alerts on dedicated servers; mandatory opening of the data connected to the preprint and, even, non-identification with DOI) but the interests at stake of researchers and of preprint publishing are very strong. The central theme is that the peer review process, with all its limitations and possible evolutions, is still today the most reliable way of monitoring research and its results.

KEY WORDS: Preprint; Publishing; Curriculum

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