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La Rivista Italiana della Medicina di Laboratorio 2019 Marzo;15(1):85-90

DOI: 10.23736/S1825-859X.19.00003-3


language: Italian

The general Pathology in Naples: the beginning of modern age

Luigi M. SENA

Università degli Studi di Torino, Torino, Italia

Lustig, Alessandro was born May 5th, 1857 in Trieste, a city that was part of the Austrian Empire at that time. After he graduated in medicine and surgery in Vienna, he started practicing medicine in Innsbruck and Vienna, before returning to Trieste, his hometown. He moved to Turin in 1887 for political reasons. With the support of Professor Antonio Carle, he was introduced at the “Umberto I” Mauriziano Hospital in Turin, where he was responsible for organizing the Laboratory. At the same time, he attended the General Pathology Institute of Turin, directed by Professor Giulio Bizzozero and started teaching the same discipline. In January 1888 he was appointed as Director of the Pathology Laboratory of the Mauriziano Hospital of Turin, a position he held until December of the same year, thus becoming the first General Pathologist Director of a clinical pathology laboratory in Italy. After being selected, in April 1889, he was appointed as Chair of General Pathology at the Royal University of Cagliari, position he held for a short time before he moved to Florence in 1890 as professor of General Pathology and Director of the laboratory part of the Studî Superiori e di Perfezionamento, that later become Università di Firenze, where he also taught bacteriology and immunology until retirement (1932). He obtained the Italian citizenship in 1891 and was appointed Senator of the Kingdom in 1911 for his academic and scientific merits. Married to Linda Piacezzi, he changed his surname into Lustig Piacezzi, in 1915. As a fervent patriot, when war broke out, he joined the Army as Volunteer of War at the age of 58. He was among the most active meritorious in the organization of health services at the front for the duration of the war (1915-1918) especially as regards to the measures of prophylaxis of infectious diseases and was promoter and teacher of the University of San Giorgio Castrense Nogaro (Udine). He was awarded with three War Crosses. After the use of chemical weapons on the Karst front he sensed the importance of these new weapons and later became one of the greatest experts on the field. His career as a researcher and organizer was very intense and of great value. His merit was the recognition of bacteriology, immunology and biochemistry as the most important sectors of General Pathology in an era the latest was mainly devoted to morphological studies. The prestigious and brilliant school of Professor Alessandro Lustig, whose tradition lasts over time, has formed almost 90% of the Italian General Pathologists of the ‘900, who have contributed in a capillary manner to the development of this discipline along with clinical pathology. He can be considered the Father of modern Neapolitan General Pathology. In fact, in the early years of the twentieth century his students Gino Galeotti, first, and Pietro Rondoni, later, became Professors of General Pathology in Naples.

KEY WORDS: Lustig; History of Medicine; Pathology; Pathology, clinical

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