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Medicina dello Sport 2021 March;74(1):35-42

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.21.03787-X


language: English, Italian

Relationship between 50 m freestyle swimming and 50 m obstacle swimming performance in military

Daniel JUÁREZ SANTOS-GARCÍA 1, Juan P. AZNAR 2, Francisco A. FERNÁNDEZ 3, Inmaculada YUSTRES 1, 4, Rubén BARRAGÁN 1, Fernando GONZÁLEZ-MOHÍNO MAYORALAS 1, 5

1 Sport Training Laboratory, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain; 2 Estado Mayor de la Defensa, Ministry of Defence (MINISDEF), Madrid, Spain; 3 Department of Health, La Salle University Center, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain; 4 Faculty of Education, Francisco de Vitoria University, Madrid, Spain; 5 Facultad de Lenguas y Educación, Universidad Nebrija, Madrid, Spain


BACKGROUND: The 50 m obstacle swimming event is one of the five discipline of the Military Pentathlon. No previous studies have studied the relationship between the 50 m obstacle swimming and 50 m freestyle swimming in military. To analyze the relationship between 50 m freestyle swimming and 50 m obstacle swimming performance in military and their influence in blood lactate, and to analyze sex differences.
METHODS: Fourteen military (7 men and 7 women) were randomly allocated into two groups. After a standardized warm-up, one group performed 50 m obstacles and the other, 50 m freestyle swimming. One hour of recovery after the order of the test was reversed.
RESULTS: It was found a correlation of 0.6 (n.s.) and 0.4 (n.s.) for men and women, respectively. There were no significant differences on the finishing times in both tests according to sex (F=4.721; P=0.051, η2=0.28).
CONCLUSIONS: The training of 50 m obstacle swimming in military is a training-event specific, without a high correlation with the 50 m freestyle swimming and. Although there was no influence of the sex factor on the differences between the times and lactate concentrations of both tests, it was observed a pattern that may vary slightly between men and women.

KEY WORDS: Swimming; Athletic performance; Military personnel

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