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Medicina dello Sport 2020 December;73(4):626-34

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.20.03518-8

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

Work rate and technical performance analyses of substitute players during the UEFA Euro 2016

Alliance KUBAYI

Department of Sport, Rehabilitation and Dental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa


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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the work rate and technical performance of substitute players at the UEFA Euro 2016.
METHODS: Match performance indicators of 252 outfield players from 10 matches during the knockout stage were analyzed using the InStat multiple-camera tracking system (InStat, Moscow, Russia). Absolute distances (m) were converted to relative distance covered per unit of time (m/min).
RESULTS: The results showed that most substitutions occurred between the 75th and 90th minutes of the game. Overall, substitutes (109.8±10.9 m/min) covered more total distance than players who were replaced (109.2±10.3 m/min; Effect size [ES]=0.06, trivial effect) and those who completed the entire game (107.8±9.2 m/min; ES=0.20, small effect). Substitute players covered 30% and 35% more of high intensity running distance than players who were replaced (ES=0.99) or finished the entire match (ES=1.07), respectively, with moderate effects. Forward substitutes covered greater high-intensity running distances (13.4±3.3 m/min) than substitute defenders (10.2±3.1 m/min; ES=1.00, moderate effect) and midfielders (12.3±3.4 m/min; ES=0.33, small effect). The present observation indicated that substitute players (84.0%) performed a greater number of accurate passes compared to players who finished the whole game (82.6%).
CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of the players’ work-rate data could be useful to football coaches in making tactical substitutions targeted at improving overall team performance.


KEY WORDS: Football; Running; Athletic performance

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