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Medicina dello Sport 2020 June;73(2):327-36

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.20.03610-8

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

Effects of gymnastics intervention on gross motor development in children aged 5 to 6 years: a randomized, controlled trial

Kaixuan SHI 1 , Xiangpeng SUN 1, Yiran WANG 1, Ping ZHA 2

1 Department of Physical Education, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, China; 2 College of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China


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BACKGROUND: The positive effects of children’s gymnastics on physical health are widely recognized, but the effects of children’s gymnastics on motor development in children remain unexplored. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a gymnastics exercise intervention on gross motor function in children aged 5 to 6 years.
METHODS: The Test of Gross Motor Development-Second Edition (TGMD-2) was used to assess gross motor development.
RESULTS: Before the intervention, there were no significant differences in Test of Gross Motor Development-Second Edition scores (P>0.05) between the control group and experimental group. After the intervention, the gross motor development level was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence that that the gymnastics intervention can be developed to promote gross motor competence, and this may benefit for complex motor skill formation.


KEY WORDS: Child development; Motor skills; Psychomotor performance; Child; Gymnastics

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