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Medicina dello Sport 2019 December;72(4):524-39

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.19.03572-5

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

Relationship between physical activity and cardio-metabolic risk factors among adults

Eyitayo O. OWOLABI, Daniel T. GOON

Department of Nursing Science, University of Fort Hare, East London Campus, East London, South Africa


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BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and cardio-metabolic risk among adults attending out-patient clinics of selected healthcare facilities in the Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality South Africa.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 998 adults from the Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, East London, South Africa. The WHO STEPwise questionnaire was used for data collection. Height, weight blood pressure and fasting glucose were measured.
RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity was lower among participants who engaged in vigorous-intensity (21.7%) and moderate-intensity (19%) physical activities. Participants who did not meet the WHO criteria for moderate-intensity activity (≥150 minutes/week) had a higher prevalence of hypertension (53.9%). Participants who did not participate in moderate or vigorous-intensity activities had a higher prevalence of diabetes, 28% and 25.4% respectively. Those who did not meet WHO criteria for moderate-intensity activities (work and travel domain) had higher prevalence of diabetes, 27.2% and 28.4%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-intensity activity (work, sports and recreation), and at least five to seven days of physical activity per week is significantly associated with obesity, hypertension and diabetes. The participation of women in physical activity was low. Measures to enlighten and educate women concerning physical activity participation are needed.


KEY WORDS: Physical activity; Obesity; Hypertension; Diabetes mellitus; Adult; South Africa

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