Home > Journals > Medicina dello Sport > Past Issues > Medicina dello Sport 2019 September;72(3) > Medicina dello Sport 2019 September;72(3):355-65



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Medicina dello Sport 2019 September;72(3):355-65

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.19.03427-6


language: English, Italian

Relationship between anthropometry and stroking parameters of front crawl sprint performance in young swimmers

Jed M. TIJANI 1 , Hassane ZOUHAL 2, Fatma RHIBI 2, Anthony C. HACKNEY 3, Omar BEN OUNIS 1, Karim SAIDI 1, Abderraouf BEN ABDERRAHMAN 1

1 Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, University of La Manouba, Tunis, Tunisia; 2 University of Rennes, M2S (Laboratoire Mouvement, Sport, Santé) - EA 1274, Rennes, France; 3 Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA


BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to study the relationship between anthropometry and stroking parameters of front crawl sprint performance in young swimmers.
METHODS: Forty swimmers (12.2±0.5 years) volunteered to participate. Anthropometric measures included: height (H), body mass, Body Mass Index, arm span (AS), skinfold thickness and the ratio of AS to H. To avoid fatigue effects, each swimmer performed without diving a 25- meter swim using the front crawl stroke. Swim velocity, stroke rate (SR), stroke length (SL), and stroke index (SI) were calculated from video analysis.
RESULTS: Swim velocity was correlated to mass, H, AS, AS/H ratio, SR, SI, and SL. The SL was correlated to SI, mass, H, AS, and BMI. No correlation was found between the SR and the anthropometric measures. SI was correlated to all the anthropometric measures except the percent body fat (estimated).
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates clearly the relationship between anthropometric and stroking parameters of young front crawl sprint swimmers and confirms the importance of considering specific stroke technical aspects and somatic traits when trying to predict success in young swimmers.

KEY WORDS: Swimming; Anthropometry; Exercise test

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