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Medicina dello Sport 2018 September;71(3):345-57

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.18.03194-0

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

Analysis of the influence of somatotype difference on motoric parameters such as vertical jump, sit and reach flexibility and 30-m sprint

Deniz ŞENOL 1 , Davut ÖZBAĞ 1, Muhammed E. KAFKAS 2, Mahmut AÇAK 2, Özlem BAYSAL 3, Armağan ŞAHİN KAFKAS 2, Celal TAŞKIRAN 2, Mahmut ÇAY 4, Derya YAĞAR 5, Gökmen ÖZEN 2, Murat ÖGETÜRK 5

1 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey; 2 Faculty of Sports Science, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey; 3 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey; 4 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Uşak University, Usak, Turkey; 5 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Fırat University, Elazıg, Turkey


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BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to show the somatotype features of young people with no symptoms and to find out whether motoric parameters such as vertical jump, flexibility and 30-m sprint were influenced by somatotype differences.
METHODS: The study included 146 participants (88 males, 58 females) who had no symptoms. The Heath-Carter formula was used to find out the somatotypes of the participants and each participant’s anthropometric measurements were found. Vertical jump, flexibility and 30-meter sprint test were measured to evaluate motoric parameters of male and female.
RESULTS: In men, athletes with central type somatotype had the best score in vertical jump test with 53 cm, athletes with endomorphic mesomorph somatotype had the best score in sit and reach flexibility test with 30 cm, and athletes with balanced mesomorph somatotype had the best score in 30-m sprint test with 4.36 s. In women, athletes with endomorphic mesomorph somatotype had the best score in vertical jump test with 40 cm, athletes with Endomorphic Mesomorph somatotype had the best score in sit and reach flexibility test with 33.5 cm, and athletes with mesomorph endomorph somatotype had the best score in 30-m sprint test with 5.22 s. No statistically significant difference was found in male and female between different somatotypes and motoric parameters (P>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Although there were no statistically significant differences, it emerged that different somatotypes were more successful than others. An anatomic body structure specific for the sport branch influences performance greatly.


KEY WORDS: Anthropometry - Somatotypes - Articular range of motion - Running - Athletic performance

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