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Medicina dello Sport 2018 June;71(2):226-33

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.18.03231-3


language: English, Italian

Acute effects of different warm-up methods on free kick performance in amputee soccer players

Suat YILDIZ 1, Gurhan KAYIHAN 2 , Ertugrul GELEN 3, Murat ÇİLLİ 3, Ali ÖZKAN 4, 5

1 Faculty of Sport Sciences, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey; 2 John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, UK; 3 Faculty of Sport Sciences, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey; 4 School of Physical Education and Sports, Bartın University, Bartın, Turkey; 5 Sports Education Application and Research Center, Bartın University, Bartın, Turkey


BACKGROUND: There are studies documenting the detrimental effects of static stretching and useful effects of dynamic exercises. However, there is no study which has researched the acute effects of different warm-up exercises on free kick performances in amputee soccer. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of static stretching and dynamic warm-up exercise on free kick performance in amputee soccer players.
METHODS: Twelve amputee soccer players playing for the national team (mean age 28±7 years) were investigated in our study. This study was designed to determine the acute effects of 3 different warm-up (WU) methods static stretching (SS), dynamic exercises (DYN) and control (NS) on anaerobic performance (free kick speed performance).
RESULTS: Although significant differences (P<0.001) were found for DYN and NS when the free kick speed levels of the soccer players were compared pre and post-test; no obvious difference (P>0.05) was found for SS. The data shows that there is a significant increase in free kick speed for DYN and NS according to pre and post-tests results.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that it may be desirable for amputee soccer players to perform dynamic exercises before performing activities that require a high power output.

KEY WORDS: Amputees - Football - Muscle stretching exercises - Warm-up exercise

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