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A Journal on Sports Medicine

Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation, Official Journal of the European Federation of Sports Medicine Association
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Medicina dello Sport 2017 December;70(4):410-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.17.03132-5


language: English, Italian

Effects of strength and core stability training versus strength and aerobic training in subjects aged over 65


Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy


BACKGROUND: The study aims to describe the effects of two different types of training aimed at people over 65: a workout based on strength and core stability versus a workout based on strength and aerobic controlled intensity activity.
METHODS: The study targeted active adults (N.=65, 31 males, 34 females), who were randomly divided into two groups: a strength and core stability group (SCG, N.=33) with a mean age, weight, and height of 66.4±1.9 years, 63.4±2.8 kg, 169±3.5 cm, respectively; and a strength and aerobic training group (SAG, N.=32), with a mean age, weight and height of 66.2±1.8 years, 64.1±6.5 kg, 170±3.2 cm, respectively. The sample performed for 8 weeks (3 sessions a week) the two different training protocols; before and after the training period (T0 and T1), the strength of the core district, static balance ability, lower limb strength, and aerobic ability were evaluated.
RESULTS: The SCG showed statistically significant increases in the tests of core strength (P<0.01), in monopodalic balance test on both limbs (P<0.001), in the lower limbs strength (P<0.01) and in aerobic ability (P<0.001); SAG showed significant increases only in the aerobic ability (P<0.05). The comparison between SCG and SAG showed significant differences in all T1 tests in the SCG.
CONCLUSIONS: The subject over 65 effectively responds to the core district loads with positive transfer and adaptation in other motor ability; it is plausible to assume that such content should be included in the motor activity plans aimed to increasing balance ability, trunk stabilization and, consequently, in senior fall prevention plans.

KEY WORDS: Physical education and training - Postural balance - Physical fitness

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Publication History

Issue published online: January 22, 2018
Manuscript accepted: October 13, 2017
Manuscript received: May 16, 2017

Cite this article as

Sannicandro I. Effects of strength and core stability training versus strength and aerobic training in subjects aged over 65. Med Sport 2017;70:410-8. DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.17.03132-5

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