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Medicina dello Sport 2017 September;70(3):328-32

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.17.02942-8

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

Salivary hormones are markedly affected by sambo exercise in female athletes

Patrik DRID 1, Anastasia KONDRATIJEVA 2, Sergey TABAKOV 2, Marko STOJANOVIC 1, Tatjana TRIVIC 1, Janko PASTERNAK 3, Sergej M. OSTOJIC 1, 4

1 Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia; 2 Russian State University of Physical Education, Sports and Tourism, Moscow, Russia; 3 Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia; 4 School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia


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BACKGROUND: Sambo is a relatively novel martial art and limited information is currently available concerning physiological profiles of sambo athletes or hormonal responses to sambo exercise. The main aim of this pilot study was to characterize hormonal status of top-level female sambo athletes at rest and postexercise.
METHODS: Salivary hormones were measured with specific immune assay in Russian National team sambo athletes (N.=59) at rest and following session of sambo exercise (5 bouts of simulated fights, consisting of 5 min exercise and 10 min recovery).
RESULTS: Salivary testosterone levels at rest were significantly higher in sambo athletes comparing to sedentary controls (37.4±24.1 vs. 14.3±6.9 pg/mL, P<0.001), while estradiol levels were lower in female samboists (2.4±1.5 vs. 11.3±7.0 pg/mL, P<0.001). Both salivary testosterone and cortisol significantly dropped after sambo exercise as compared to baseline levels (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Hormonal status of female samboists seems to be markedly affected by chronic and acute exercise, with salivary testosterone recognized as a sensible biomarker of exercise stress.


KEY WORDS: Martial arts - Testosterone - Estradiol - Hydrocortisone

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