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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT

A Journal on Sports Medicine


Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
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Medicina dello Sport 2017 March;70(1):50-60

DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.16.02995-1

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

Are Turkish elite sailors competing in Laser and 470 classes ready for the Olympics?

Özge ÇINAR-MEDENI 1, Nihan O. PEKYAVAS 2, Ayse UZUN 3, Fatmanur ER 4, Ceren SUVEREN 4, Fatma F. COLAKOGLU 4, Gul BALTACI 3

1 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Çankırı Karatekin University, Çankırı, Turkey; 2 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey; 3 Private Ankara Güven Hospital, Ankara, Turkey; 4 School of Physical Education and Sport, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey


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BACKGROUND: Aerobic and anaerobic capacity, muscle strength and balance skills are important parameters in sailors. We aimed to investigate the aerobic and anaerobic capacity, knee muscle strength, hand grip strength and balance of elite Turkish sailors competing in 470 and Laser classes selected for the Olympic team and to establish the differences in physical fitness status between sailors competing in 470 and Laser classes.
METHODS: Nine Laser and ten 470 sailors were evaluated. A treadmill VO2max test for aerobic capacity, a Wingate cycle ergometer test for anaerobic power and capacity, an isokinetic knee muscle strength assessment at 60°/s and 120°/s angular velocities (output data were flexor peak torque, extensor peak torque and H/Q strength ratio), an isometric hand grip strength assessment and a star excursion balance test (SEBT) were performed.
RESULTS: Laser and 470 sailors showed similar physical fitness values and no difference was found between sailing classes (P>0.05) for all test results. Most of the sailors’ H/Q strength ratios were lower than normal values.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the physical requirements of Laser and 470 sailors are similar; however, they are both at risk of knee injury because of low H/Q strength ratios. Athletic trainers and physiotherapists working with sailors should also consider the H/Q strength ratio because low values of H/Q strength ratio are seen in this population. The results of this study may constitute a basis for further studies because we have reported the results of several physical fitness tests together and in a detailed manner.


KEY WORDS: Muscle strength - Exercise - Physiology

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Publication History

Issue published online: May 2, 2017
Manuscript accepted: November 25, 2016
Manuscript received: July 12, 2016

Cite this article as

Çinar-Medeni Ö, Pekyavas NO, Uzun A, Er F, Suveren C, Colakoglu FF, et al. Are Turkish elite sailors competing in Laser and 470 classes ready for the Olympics? Med Sport 2017;70:50-60. DOI: 10.23736/S0025-7826.16.02995-1

Corresponding author e-mail

ozgecinar@gmail.com